HARTOG COMMITTEE REPORT, The Government of India Act of did not satisfy the Indian people. In order to satisfy the Indian people it was felt. on constitutional reforms was to be appointed in But owing to the tary education. The auxiliary Committee popularly known as the Hartog Committee. formation of the Simon Commission in and the appointment of the Hartog Committee in alongwith its recommendations on Primary, Secondary.

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Regarding secondary education the Hartog Committee laid emphasis on introducing industrial and commercial subjects, improvement of pay scale and service conditions of teachers etc. Most of the recommendations remained mere pious hopes. It is necessary for us to know the terms of reference of the Hartog Committee— The Hartog committee was appointed to enquire the organisation of various aspects of education in India and to give its suggestions for its over all improvement and progress.

Recommendation of Hartog Commission (1929)

The committee found that the whole system harttog secondary education was dominated by the matriculation examination and the ideal of every boy who entered a secondary school was to prepare himself for the university examinations.

Under what circumstances was the Hartog Committee formed? The cause of the improvement had been the efforts of co,mittee enterprises and awakening of national spirit. It was impossible for them to spend sufficient money for the progress of education.

Notes for UPSC: Hartog Committee

The universities are over-crowded with students who are not exactly for university education. These were called reserved and transferred respectively. Montford reforms introduced diarchy in the field of education. It should be based on the needs and conditions of village life. In his obituary it states, “Few educationists still working as did in octogenarian years could look back on so varied, strenuous, and fruitful a career as his. Primary schools should serve as centres for rural uplift works, medical relief, hargog education, mass literacy, sanitation, recreation etc Finance: Hartog was also a member of the Sadler Commission.


Hartog Committee Report, 1929

As early asand again inhe had written treatises on examinations in their bearing on national efficiency and on culture and general efficiency.

What did the Hartog Committee mean by Wastage and stagnation? Curriculum for cmmittee should include home science, hygiene, music etc. In fact, increase in literacy was the need of the country.

In the field of higher education the Hartog Committee evaluated the condition of higher education and found that the standard of education was low and it had failed to achieve its real purpose. Increasing enrolment in primary school indicates that the sense of indifference to education was breaking down and social and political consciousness among the people had also increased. The Hartog committee opined that primary education should be a national concern and imperial Government should not entirely withdraw from the field of educational finance.

Policy of consolidation should be adopted and haphazard expansion should be dropped.

All these things created a difficult situation for the progress of education. This resulted in the issue in of An Examination of Examinations. This reform brought diarchy in the system of administration in India. Many schools recruit teachers for nine months only and thus avoiding the payment of vocation salaries and increments.


The committee felt that there was unhealthy competition among the universities. The Government continued the policy of consolidation and it had an adverse effect on the primary education. An Evaluation of the Recommendations 9.

The First World War started in Europe in The outbreak of the war hartogg brought about significant changes in the British policy of administration in India. University of Paris University of Heidelberg. Therefore there was a rush towards higher education. Result of Recommendations Villagers were poor, illiterate, conservative. Due to the growth of secondary education higher education also developed.

It gives importance to the qualitative improvement of primary education rather than its quantitative expansion. The Hartog Committee made the following recommendations for the improvement of higher education in India. Such was the sorry plight of primary education in hsrtog country.

Although there was general consciousness dommittee the people in education, the Committee was not satisfied with the growth of literacy in the country.

Moreover university educated persons were getting preference over matriculation passed individuals. Primary education should be made compulsory, but there should be no hurry about it.