President Obama reinstated Madagascar’s AGOA eligibility in June , after nearly five years of AGOA suspension following the coup in. Soamiely Andriamananjara and Amadou Sy study the impact of the suspension of Madagascar’s African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Impediments to increased AGOA-export and intra-regional trade. .. The Malagasy economy has progressively resumed with growth after the crisis, although.

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Congress in May The purpose of this legislation is to assist the economies of sub-Saharan Africa and to improve economic relations between the United States and the region.

Rosa Whitakerwho served as the first ever Assistant U. Bush and William J. Clinton took the final lead in developing and implementing the African Growth and Opportunity Act AGOA following nearly a decade of leadership on the part of activists such as Paul Speck at Environmental and Energy Institute, and lawmakers, including Congressman Jim McDermott a former Foreign Service medical officer based in Zaire and Senator John Kerry, both senior lawmakers in the area of international trade.

The legislation was reviewed again inand was renewed. The revisions made it easier aoa become eligible and focused on improving the future business environment in developing African countries. The eligibility criteria was to improve labor rights and movement toward a market-based economy.

Madagascar: Obama Reinstates Madagascar for Agoa Benefits, Removes Swaziland –

Each year, the President evaluates the sub-Saharan African countries and determines which countries should remain eligible. Countries’ inclusion has fluctuated with changes in the local political environment. In Decemberfor example, Guinea, Madagascar, and Niger were all removed from the list of eligible countries; by Octoberthough, eligibility was restored to Guinea and Niger, and by Juneto Madagascar as well.


Notably, AGOA expanded market access for textile and apparel goods into the United States for eligible countries, though many other goods are also included. This resulted in the growth of an apparel industry in mavagascar Africa, and created hundreds of thousands of jobs.

However, the dismantling of the Multi Fibre Agreement ‘s world quota regime for textile and apparel trade in January reversed some of the gains made in the African textile industry due to increased competition from developing nations outside of Africa, particularly China. Some factories shut down in Lesothowhere most of the growth occurred. Orders from African manufacturers stabilised somewhat after the imposition of certain safeguard measures [ which?

AGOA has jadagascar in limited successes in some countries.

Madayascar addition to growth in the textile and apparel industry, some AGOA countries have begun to export new products to the United States, such as cut flowershorticultural products, automotive components and steel. While Nigeria and Angola are the largest exporters under AGOA, other countries, particularly South Africa’s have been more diverse and unlike the former are not mainly concentrated xgoa the energy sector.

Agricultural products are a promising area for AGOA trade; however much work needs to be done to assist African countries in meeting U.

AGOA Eligibility

It has since been extended by 10 years from to The Act’s apparel special provision, which permits lesser-developed countries to use foreign fabric for their garment exports, was to expire in September However, legislation passed by Congress in December extended it throughand later to as part of the general AGOA extension in June Statistics suggest a positive balance of trade for AGOA madayascar countries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.


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African Growth and Opportunity Act

August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Introduced in the House as H.

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Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 12 Aprilat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. An Act to authorize a new trade and investment policy for sub-Saharan Africa, expand trade benefits to the countries in the Caribbean Basin, renew the generalized system of preferences, and reauthorize the trade adjustment assistance programs.